Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable degenerative disease of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) where the immune system destroys the protective layer of the nerves of our body causing an array of symptoms. Imagine an electrical cord with all the wires running through it, now imagine the insulation somehow was damaged and all the cords were exposed. The myelin sheath is seemingly like the protective covering of the nerves as to the insulation on an electrical wire. Its destruction results in the inability of parts of the nervous system to communicate adequately, just like a shortage in an electrical cord. This causes a variety of symptoms including: muscle and limb weakness difficulty walking pain fatigue blurring/loss of vision urinary/bowel issues problems with balance and coordination
problems with speech/lost of speech paralysis Each time there is an attack of the nerves the build up of inflammation leaves a permanent scar. For this reason, Mutiple Sclerosis is also known as ‘many scars’ The cause of MS is unknown But it is referred to as an autoimmune disease. Meaning that the immune system attacks itself. There are approximately four types of MS: Relapse Remitting MS - most common Primary Progressive MS Primary Relapsing MS Secondary Progressive MS- most severe Approximately 2.5 Million people are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis across the world and each case of MS is completely unique. There is no cure however there are lots of new developments in treatment to slow down progression of the disease and prevent disability/paralysis.